Terror by Night
(1946), 54 min. b&w

Terror by Night, the penultimate film in the Rathbone/Bruce Sherlock Holmes series, opens with the history of a 423-carat diamond known as the Star of Rhodesia. "All those who possessed it came to sudden and violent death." The diamond is currently owned by Lady Margaret Carstairs. She and her son Roland are traveling to their home in Scotland by train. Roland Carstairs has asked Sherlock Holmes to accompany his mother and him on the Scotch Express. Holmes demonstrates his skills of deduction in one of the earliest scenes, when he meets young Carstairs at Euston Station:
Carstairs:   It was awfully decent of you to come, considering the fact that I was so secretive about it all.
Holmes:   My dear Mr. Carstairs, there was no need for secrecy. I already knew.
Carstairs:   You knew that mother insisted on bringing the Star of Rhodesia with her to London?
Holmes:   And that while here, an attempt has been made to steal it.
Carstairs:   Did Scotland Yard tell you that?
Holmes:   [chuckle] Oh no, my dear Mr. Carstairs. But the fact that your mother owns the famous diamond is common knowledge. She came down to London to attend the reception at Buckingham Palace, and quite naturally wore the Star of Rhodesia. You want me to accompany you back to your home in Edinburgh. Therefore an attempt must have been made to steal the Star of Rhodesia while you were here in London.

Watson is late getting to the train, and almost misses it. As the train is pulling out of the station, Watson and a friend come running; Sherlock Holmes helps them jump aboard. Watson introduces his friend, Major Duncan-Bleek, and explains that they were reminiscing about India and lost track of the time.

Just as Carstairs feared, the Star of Rhodesia is stolen. In addition, Roland Carstairs is murdered. The game is afoot for Sherlock Holmes to find the diamond and the murderer. The murderer is one of the passengers on the train. In addition to Holmes and Watson, the passengers include:

  • Lady Margaret (Roland's mother);
  • Inspector Lestrade (heading to Scotland supposedly for a "fishing holiday"--or is he on the train for official business?);
  • The Shallcrosses, an elderly couple who are worried that there are police on board;
  • Major Duncan-Bleek, an old friend of Dr. Watson;
  • Miss Vedder, a woman who brought a coffin on board; and
  • Professor William Kilbane (a professor of mathematics).

Holmes suspects that one of the passengers is actually Col. Sebastian Moran, a protégé of Moriarty, known for spectacular jewel robberies, and mathematical puzzles. The women are still suspects--Moran's accomplice could be a woman. Even Lady Margaret is a suspect; she could have stolen the diamond for the insurance. And she didn't seem particularly distraught over her son's death. Of course there are a number of red herrings on the train, including the suspicious-looking guard in the luggage compartment. At one point Holmes says that he accepted the case because he was convinced that Moran could not resist such a "tempting morsel" as the Star of Rhodesia.

"Great Scot!" Watson and Holmes gawk at the huge diamond.

Watching Miss Vedder, a suspicious passenger

The serious atmosphere surrounding the murder investigation is lightened by the comic performances of Nigel Bruce (Watson) and Dennis Hoey (Lestrade). When Watson questions Professor Kilbane, Kilbane puts Watson on the defensive by accusing him! When Lady Margaret complains to Holmes and Lestrade that they allowed the Star of Rhodesia to be stolen, she adds, "I intend to report you both to Scotland Yard!" Lestrade sputtered, "But I am Scotland Yard." A short while later Kilbane says to Lestrade, "If you come pounding on my door again, I'll have the law on you." And Lestrade replies, "I am the law."

When Holmes observes Professor Kilbane walking to the end of the carriage, he follows him, and is puzzled that Kilbane has apparently disappeared. At that moment someone pushes him out the door, and very nearly off the train. For several minutes he clings to the outside of the train, and then manages to get back in by breaking the glass in the door.

After this close brush with death, Holmes visits the baggage compartment to examine the coffin. He discovers a secret compartment in the coffin, large enough for a small adult to hide in. Holmes now realizes that Colonel Moran has an accomplice.

hanging on for dear life

discovering the secret compartment

If you haven't seen the film yet, and don't want the mystery spoiled, then read no further!

Lestrade and Holmes question Miss Vedder again, and she admits that she was paid to take the coffin aboard the train. Strangely enough, in the presence of Miss Vedder and Watson's friend Duncan-Bleek, Holmes tells Lestrade that the diamond wasn't stolen. He had switched it with an imitation--the fake was stolen. Holmes had the real diamond in his pocket all along. He gives it to Lestrade for safekeeping. (Watch carefully the scene in which Holmes first inspects the diamond, and you can see his sleight of hand.)

As Holmes and Watson return to the baggage car (and find the baggage guard murdered!), a small, slimy fellow enters Duncan-Bleek's compartment and hands over the diamond, unaware that it is fake. The villain is now revealed to be Duncan-Bleek, and the small man (named Sands) was the one who hid in the bottom of the coffin. After Duncan-Bleek informs him that Lestrade has the real diamond, Sands attacks Lestrade, knocking him unconscious, and then gets the real diamond. Duncan-Bleek takes the diamond and shoots his accomplice, using an air pistol that fires poison darts. The same weapon was used on Carstairs and the baggage guard.

The train comes to a stop and Scottish police board the train. Lestrade is still shaken from his attack, so Holmes and Watson go to talk with Inspector McDonald in the dining car. Holmes informs Inspector McDonald that Duncan-Bleek is really Col. Sebastian Moran. A struggle ensues, the lights go out, but when it's over McDonald and his policemen exit the train with their prisoner. But all is not as it seems. Holmes knew that "McDonald" was not the real Inspector McDonald, and the policemen were not real policemen either. The twist at the end reveals that Holmes still has Col. Moran, now handcuffed, and the diamond aboard the train. The "prisoner" escorted from the train was Lestrade, who now pulls a gun on the fake policemen and arrests them. Amazing that Lestrade figured out the deception that Holmes had planned!

Terror by Night is not based on a Sherlock Holmes story, but the writers may have been inspired by "The Adventure of the Empty House." Some elements in the film that are also in that story are:

  • Colonel Sebastian Moran as the villain;
  • the air pistol as the weapon;
  • the name Carstairs (In the story it is a place name. Ronald Adair "had been engaged to Miss Edith Woodley, of Carstairs.")

The idea of a secret compartment  could be from "The Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax."

Two promo photos:


Holmes examining the air pistol

Holmes holding the Star of Rhodesia

"This episode in the famous detective's career is told in a tight continuity and with flavorsome atmosphere...Mr. Rathbone is silky smooth as usual." --Bosley Crowther, New York Times

"Universal ran through a good deal of  stock train footage as transitions during the film, and while these quick shots are darkened to simulate the nighttime in which the story occurs, any reasonable astute train buff can discern they are of wildly differing engine and carriage models!" (Steinbrenner and Michaels, The Films of Sherlock Holmes (Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press, 1978) p. 175)

There are a number of unanswered questions in this film. For example, why didn't Watson recognize that Moran was not his old friend Duncan-Bleek? Watson: "I've know him for years; he's a member of my club." And how did Sands get out of Roland Carstairs' locked compartment after murdering him? And remember how Watson and Duncan-Bleek had to run to catch the train in the beginning? When we know that Duncan-Bleek was really Moran, how odd that he would take such a chance on missing the train! What was the point in being so late? But if we refrain from such nitpicking, we can enjoy the fast-paced film and be pleasantly surprised by the plot twists.

Terror by Night trivia:

  • It is the shortest of the 14 Sherlock Holmes films with Rathbone and Bruce;
  • It was Dennis Hoey's last appearance as Lestrade; and
  • Alan Mowbray (Duncan-Bleek) played Lestrade in the 1933 film A Study in Scarlet.

Watch the trailer for Terror by Night:


See more photos on page two and page three!




Basil Rathbone ............. Sherlock Holmes Production Co. ............. Universal
Nigel Bruce ................... Dr. Watson   Executive Producer ...... Howard Benedict
Alan Mowbray ............. Maj. Duncan Bleek   Producer ........................ Roy William Neill
Renee Godfrey .............. Vivian Vedder   Director ......................... Roy William Neill
Dennis Hoey ................ .Inspector Lestrade   Asst. Director .............. Melville Shyer
Mary Forbes ................. Lady Margaret Carstairs   Screenplay .................... Frank Gruber
Frederic Worlock ......... Professor Kilbane   Cinematographer .......... Maury Gertsman
Geoffrey Steele ............. Roland Carstairs   Editor ............................. Saul A. Goodkind
Leyland Hodgson ........ Conductor   Dialogue Director ......... Raymond Kessler
Billy Bevan .................... Train attendant   Art Directors ................ John B. Goodman,
Boyd Davis ................... Inspector McDonald     Abraham Grossman
Janet Murdoch ............. Mrs. Shallcross   Set Directors ................ Carl Lawrence
Skelton Knaggs ............ Sands     Russell A. Gausman
Gerald Hamer ................ Mr. Shallcross   Music Director ............. Milton Rosen
Harry Cording .............. Mock Sr. Sound Director ............ Bernard B. Brown
Charles Knight ............. Guard   Sound technician ........ Jack A. Bolger, Jr.
Bobby Wissler ............. Mock Jr.   Make-up Director ........ Jack P. Pierce
Gilbert Allen ................. Dining Car steward   Hair stylist .................... Carmen Dirigo
Colin Kenny ................. Constable   Gowns ........................... Vera West
Tom Pilkington ............ Baggage car attendant      


Images on this page and page two are from the film Terror by Night


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Terror by Night is available
on DVD :

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DVD also available as part of The Sherlock Holmes Collection, Volume 3:

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Note: Terror by Night is one of the four Sherlock Holmes films that is in the public domain. That means that anyone can legally produce and sell a DVD of this film. Consequently, it's easy to find cheap DVDs of Terror by Night. But these cheap ones are also cheap quality. The links above are for the digitally remastered, high-quality DVDs produced by MPI Home Video. Don't waste your money on anything else!



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All original content is © Marcia Jessen, 2011